New year, new ute?

Thinking of upgrading your work truck in the New Year? You’re not alone. When things are good in the building business, there’s usually an uptick in work truck sales, and that’s certainly been the case recently. In fact, five of the top 10 selling new vehicles in New Zealand this year are utes.

Top of the top ten car sales list is the Ford Ranger, with Toyota’s Hilux at number two, Holden Colorado number three, Mitsubishi Triton at number five, Nissan Navara at number eight, plus another popular work vehicle the Toyota HiAce van at number ten.

The Ford Ranger is NZ’s top selling pickup truck.

  1. Ford Ranger
  2. Toyota Hilux
  3. Holden Colorado
  4. Toyota Corolla
  5. Mitsubishi Triton
  6. Toyota RAV4
  7. Kia Sportage
  8. Nissan Navara
  9. Mazda CX-5
  10. Toyota HiAce

Decisions, decisions

So what’s it going to be? 2wd or 4wd? Double cab? Brand new or second hand? Hire purchase or lease?

You can pay anything from $30,000 to nearly $70,000 for one of these new vehicles, depending on spec level.

And no matter how well your business is going, it’s a big lump of cash, probably the biggest expense of your business if you’re a sole trader.

So before you get carried away with glossy truck brochures over the holiday break, it’s worth taking a step back and considering what you really want and how much it will really cost.

It costs what?

When you consider all the different cost components of owning a work truck, you could easily be forking out around $9000 a year give or take to keep it on the road. And that doesn’t include any interest if you bought the rig on hire purchase.

Everyday costs like buying fuel, tyres, service, wof, rego and road user charges are easy to quantify because they’re in your face on a regular basis. But it’s the unseen costs that really bite.

What you don’t see but feel

When working out vehicle costs, there are two separate factors that make up the total – fixed costs and flexible costs.

Flexible costs are day-to-day running expenses, which go up or down depending on how many kilometres you do. For example, if you’re driving a diesel truck and doing roughly 14,000km a year (the average for kiwi vehicle owners) then everyday running costs will amount to a minimum of $3300 a year. Roughly $63 a week.

Fixed costs are those that don’t change. Things like insurance, wof, rego, interest costs and the big one, depreciation.

Depreciation

Vehicle depreciation is the largest contributing factor to a vehicle’s running cost. A new vehicle purchased three years ago for $30,000 would be worth less than $15,000 today. So the vehicle is costing you an additional $5000 a year on top of the everyday running costs.

If you have financed the vehicle, you’ll need to add interest costs to the calculations. For example if you had financed half of the vehicle’s cost ($15,000) when you bought it, your interest costs would be $1500 (based on an interest rate of a 10%pa).

Flexible costs per year: $3300
(Includes diesel, road user charges and servicing based on travelling 14000km per year)

Fixed costs per year: $5740
(Includes insurance, wof, rego and depreciation based on $30,000 vehicle)

Of course, depreciation costs are recorded as expenses against your income, so there are some tax advantages, which can vary depending on whether you operate as a business, partnership or sole trader.

New or second hand?

Given that depreciation is the biggest factor in the cost of owning a vehicle, then clearly the more you pay, the more it costs every year.

A brand new $50,000 vehicle will be worth $25,000 in three years time, which effectively means it’s cost you $8000 a year in depreciation alone. On the other hand, if you bought a second hand vehicle for $25,000, your depreciation costs will $4000.

But remember, an older vehicle will cost more to maintain than a brand new one.

Hire purchase or lease?

The two most common ways of financing a work truck are hire purchase or lease.

Hire purchase is pretty straight forward. You pay a deposit up front and monthly instalments over a set period. You own the vehicle.

With an operating lease, you are essentially “renting” the vehicle for a monthly fee over a set period, usually 3 years. With an operating lease, you don’t generally pay a deposit, but only pay the first month’s rental in advance. So the up front cash outlay is much less.

While you don’t own the vehicle straight away, you will usually be able to buy it at the end of the lease period for an agreed cost, adjusted for depreciation.

Which option suits you best is something to discuss with your accountant.

What NZ’s top selling work trucks cost*

Ford Ranger $36,040 – $69,640
Toyota Hilux $38,290 – $65,290
Holden Colorado $39,990 – $62,990
Mitsubishi Triton $34,790 – $59,490
Nissan Navara $30,400 – $67,990
* Based on AA guide

When can I buy an electric pickup truck?

Hybrid cars and sports utility vehicles are becoming more common on New Zealand roads, and just about everywhere else in the world. But conspicuously absent are hybrid pickup trucks. Why is that?
Designing a hybrid truck comes with its own special set of difficulties. A small truck is designed for heavy loads and tough terrain, and this makes battery range more of an issue than with a passenger car.
Packing a weighty load or towing a hefty trailer drains more power, requiring bigger, heavier batteries. Improving batteries so that they can carry large loads for long distances is a big part of the challenge.
But like everything about technology these days, things are changing fast.

Tesla’s chief executive Elon Musk announced his intention to launch “a new kind of pickup truck” and plans to unveil the new design next year with production scheduled for 2020.

Honda is rumoured to be adding a dedicated hybrid model to its light truck line-up next year, and Ford has announced plans to roll out a hybrid F-150 pickup in the US by 2020.

Likewise, Toyota is planning a hybrid pickup, yet no launch dates have been revealed. Ditto for Mitsubishi, General Motors, Mercedes, Volkswagen, Volvo, Audi and BMW.

In the meantime, a company called The Workhorse Group in the US has unveiled the W-15 Electric pickup truck, which it plans to start selling to fleet operators around November 2018.

It’s powered by a massive 60-kilowatt hour battery under the floor with a range of approximately 160kms, plus a 3-cylinder BMW combustion engine which kicks in to generate the electricity.

Added bonus: The battery makes the truck a more complete work station where you can plug in all your power tools, work lights and even an arc welder.